MADneSs: a Multi-layer Anomaly Detection Framework for Complex Dynamic Systems

Research Area: Uncategorized Year: 2019
Type of Publication: Article
Authors: Tommaso Zoppi; Andrea Ceccarelli; Andrea Bondavalli
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure computing
ISSN: 1545-5971
Anomaly detection can infer the presence of errors without observing the target services, but detecting variations in the observable parts of the system on which the services reside. This is a promising technique in complex software-intensive systems, because either instrumenting the services' internals is exceedingly time-consuming, or encapsulation makes them not accessible. Unfortunately, in such systems anomaly detection is often ineffective due to their dynamicity, which implies changes in the services or their expected workload. Here we present our approach to enhance the efficacy of anomaly detection in complex, dynamic software-intensive systems. After discussing the related challenges, we present MADneSs, an anomaly detection framework tailored for the above systems that includes an adaptive multi-layer monitoring module. Monitored data are then processed by the anomaly detector, which adapts its parameters depending on the current system behavior. An anomaly alert is provided if the analysis conducted by the anomaly detector identify unexpected trends in the data. MADneSs is evaluated through an experimental campaign on two service-oriented architectures; software faults are injected in the application layer, and detected through monitoring of underlying system layers. Lastly, we quantitatively and qualitatively discuss our results with respect to state-of-the-art solutions, highlighting the key contributions of MADneSs.

Resilient Computing Lab, 2011

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